Understanding ‘beyond’ the Assam-Nagaland border | Media Pyro


The competition for land and resources between different ethnic groups in the North East is a natural phenomenon. One such contest is witnessed at the bottom of the Assam-Nagaland border conflict between the states. With the reorganization of the Assam Colony into separate states in 1963, the issue of state boundary disputes became one of the most complex issues in Northeast India.

The backbone of the dispute between Assam and Nagaland lies in the two notifications that were notified at different times during the Assam Colony. The British Notification of 1866 was adopted by Nagaland while Assam stands for the Notification issued in 1925. The latter finally marked the boundary between the Naga Hills district and the neighboring districts of Assam. However, Nagaland did not comply with the notification of 1925. This dispute between Assam and Nagaland led to a rivalry that turned into a bloody war in 1985, known as the “Merapani War”. After the Merapani war, the foot border witnessed a new pattern of migration. At the same time, Assam also witnessed one of the biggest student movements of the century to protest against the “illegal” immigration of migrants into the state from Bangladesh.


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