KAZIRANGA: Elephant trekking in the famous Kaziranga National Park (KNP) in Assam will start from November 2.
Elephant trekking will be opened for tourists in the west, Bagori, Kaziranga and Kohora national parks of Assam.
The Kaziranga National Park and Tiger Reserve (KNPTR), famous for the one-horned rhinoceros, was officially opened for tourists on October 2 for the 2022-23 season.
On September 22, Assam Chief Minister Himanta Biswa Sarma along with Sadhguru Vasudev opened Kaziranga National Park for tourists this season.
Kaziranga National Park is one of the most sought after wildlife holiday destinations in India.
It is home to over 2400 one-horned rhinos, which is 2/3 of the total one-horned rhino population.
Kaziranga National Park in Assam is also home to many breeding populations of elephants, wild water buffaloes, and swamp deer.
Located on the eastern edge of the Himalayan biodiversity, Kaziranga National Park in Assam combines high species diversity and landscape.
HISTORY OF KAZIRANGA PARK:
The history of Kaziranga as a protected area can be traced back to 1904, when Mary Curzon, wife of the then Viceroy of India – Lord Curzon of Kedleston, visited the area.
After failing to see a single rhinoceros, in the popular area, she convinced her husband to take immediate action to protect the dwindling species, which he did by starting a conservation plan.
On 1 June 1905, the Kaziranga Proposed Forest Reserve was created with an area of 232 km2 (90 sq mi).
In the next three years, the area of the park was increased by 152 km2 (59 sq mi), up to the banks of the Brahmaputra.
In 1908, Kaziranga was designated as a “Forest Reserve”.
In 1916, it was renamed “Kaziranga Game Sanctuary” and remained so until 1938, when hunting was banned and visitors were allowed to enter the park.
Kaziranga Game Sanctuary was named “Kaziranga Wildlife Sanctuary” in 1950 by PD Stracey, a forest ranger, to get rid of the name of poaching.
In 1954, the Assam government enacted the Assam (Rhinoceros) Act, which imposed heavy penalties on rhino poaching.
In 1968, the state government passed the Assam National Park Act, 1968, declaring Kaziranga a designated national park.
The park was given official national park status by the federal government on February 11, 1974.
In 1985, Kaziranga was recognized as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO for its unique natural environment.