Dengue vaccine will soon be launched in India. (Image credit: Pixabay)
With Dengue threatening another health emergency in parts of India, a vaccine against the infection is likely to be launched in India soon. The vaccine, which has already received approval in phase one trials, could prove to be a game changer.
Here’s everything you need to know about the possible Dengue vaccine launch in India:
Dengue vaccine in India: Who is developing it?
Indian Immunologicals Limited (IIL), a domestic vaccine manufacturer, is developing India’s first Dengue vaccine and has received approval for a Phase-1 trial. It is developing the vaccine in collaboration with the US-based National Institutes of Health.
Apart from IIL, two potential dengue vaccines are in development. These are manufactured by Panacea Biotec Limited and Sanofi India Private Limited, according to media reports. However, there is no official confirmation about these yet.
Speaking to the media at the International Dairy Summit, Dr K Anand Kumar, the managing director of IIL, confirmed that the vaccine has received encouragement to conduct preliminary trials and informed that the animal trials have been completed successfully.
Dengue vaccine worldwide
To date, Sanofi’s Dengvaxia is the only licensed dengue vaccine worldwide. In addition, Takeda and the National Institutes of Health of the United States of America are also in the race and seeking street approval.
A panel of experts refused to approve Dengvaxia until Sanofi conducted clinical trials in the local population.
World’s first Dengue vaccine?
The world’s first Dengue vaccine was developed at Saint Louis University in Spain, and Mexico became the first country to approve it. However, India has not approved any dengue vaccine developed by other countries so far.
What is dengue?
According to the WHO, Dengue, by definition, is a viral infection that is transmitted to humans through the bite of an infected mosquito. It is transmitted by female mosquitoes mainly of the species Aedes aegypti and, to a lesser extent, Ae. Albopictus.
Dengue Cases in India: Number
According to the National Center for Vector Borne Disease Control (NCVBDC), 1,93,245 dengue cases and 346 deaths were reported in India in 2021.